Curious about the Swedish Midsummer? It’s probably the most famous and celebrated day in all of Sweden.
Here’s everything you need to know as well as what we eat for midsummer, songs, games, dates and more info about the midsummer pole and where to celebrate midsummer 2020.
Video about Swedish Midsummer
Check out this video explaining the Swedish Midsummer in a funny way. You can also continue reading below to learn everything about the celebrations.
Why do Swedes celebrate Midsummer?
Probably few know about its Christian origins. According to Christianity, the birthday of John the Baptist occur the 24 June, and that’s the official explanation of why we celebrate midsummer in Sweden.
However, probably around 99% of the Swedish population doesn’t really care about the birthday of John the Baptist since most are atheists and celebrate midsummer for other reasons.
Nowadays, many celebrate Midsummer in Sweden because the summer is here and it has become a folk tradition with dancing and party. Some people also say that Midsummer eve is the longest day of the year, but that’s a truth with modification.
The summer solstice occurs every year the 21 June, and Midsummer eve only occurs on that day every 7th year. Before 1953, the Midsummer celebrations always occurred on the 23 June.
Other theories include that the farmers didn’t have much to do around the country this time of the year, which led to them arranging parties. It’s uncertain if midsummer celebrations occurred in Sweden before the country adopted Christianity.
What date is Midsummer in Sweden 2020?
This year, the Midsummer Eve is on the 19 June, and the Midsummer day is the 20 June.
Before 1953, every Midsummer Eve was on the 23 June, men this changed so that Midsummer Eve always occur week 25 on a Friday, which means that the date will change from year to year.
Swedish Midsummer Food
So, what do Swedes eat for Midsummer? The tradition can be varied across the country, and from family to family, but below you can see some typical Swedish food that is being eaten during midsummer’s eve.
- Sill (Herring)
- Nypotatis (a special type of potatoes)
- Lax (Salmon)
- Västerbottenpaj (a special type of cheese pie)
- Strömming (Baltic herring)
- Ägg (eggs)
- Jordgubbstårta eller jordgubbar (strawberry cake and strawberries)
Songs to sing while drinking schnapps on Midsummer in Sweden
“Helan Går”, “När Gäddorna får” and “Tänk om jag hade lilla nubben” are probably some of the most famous drinking songs for a Swedish Midsummer celebration. These are known as “Snapsvisa” in Swedish.
There are so many different kinds of drinking songs in Sweden, and various regional versions. Luckily for you, most Midsummer parties in Sweden will have a little paper book with the lyrics written down.
Helan går – Song text
Helan går, sjung hopp faderallanlej
Helan går, sjung hopp faderallanlej
Och den som inte helan tar
han heller inte halvan får
Helan går, sjung hopp faderallanlej
The Midsummer Wreath
It’s a tradition that girls and women wear a midsummer wreath on midsummer eve. Most make these themselves by binding flowers and leaves around a steel thread.
It’s accepted for boys and men to wear these as well, but it’s not something that is typical or traditional when it comes to Swedish Midsummer celebrations.
There are also no rules for which flowers or leaves that one can use while making the midsummer wreath, but often some colorful and pretty summer flowers mixed with green leaves will due.
Midsummer Celebrations around the country
Almost every town and village around Sweden will have its own Midsummer celebration. Many gather in parks or green areas, but some also celebrate in their villas or summer houses with friends and families.
The Swedish Midsummer celebration is often the most highlighted party and event of the year along with New Year’s Eve.
Midsummer celebrations in Stockholm
The biggest celebration in Stockholm, which is also one of the most traditional ones happens at Skansen, but you will also find local midsummer celebrations in all of the central parks. Many locals also have summer houses in the Stockholm archipelago, so if you’re lucky, you might be invited to one of those celebrations.
In Waxholm, you can celebrate a traditional midsummer with a maypole, songs, and dances. Everybody will bring their own food.
Traditional Midsummer in Dalarna
The region of Dalarna is famous for its traditional midsummer celebration where people dress up in folk costumes and play live music. The plannings for these celebrations are started weeks before midsummer eve, and if you want to celebrate a true Swedish midsummer, then this is the place to go.
The biggest midsummer celebration usually happens in Leksand, in Sammilsdal, where more than 20 000 people gather to celebrate Swedish midsummer every year. It’s a big event, and here you will experience everything that is true to the tradition.
Midsummer in Gothenburg
The second largest city in Sweden of course also have some big celebrations. For example, at Gunnebo castle, many people gather for a traditional midsummer eve. Also, the amusement park Liseberg, and Nääs and Tjolöholms castle arrange midsummer celebrations.
More about the Swedish Midsummer
Midsummer is one of the most celebrated days of the year, and everything closes down on Midsummer day. Most workers only work a half day or have the day off on Midsummer Eve.
It’s a traditional holiday that goes back for centuries. It included the raising of a Maypole, Midsummer food, dancing and various games for the whole family, or adults only.
Almost every Swede will have a schnaps or two accompanied to the food. Alcohol has a very strong connection to the Midsummer celebration in Sweden, however, these days not everyone drinks as much, and some even choose non-alcoholic beverages and just join the other celebrations.
If you want to embrace a traditional Swedish Midsummer I recommend that you borrow a Swedish folk costume. It’s not something that everyone does, but the very traditional celebrations, like the ones in Dalarna often includes a lot of people wearing folk costumes.
In cities like Stockholm and Gothenburg, most people just dress up a little extra for the occasion.
A Midsummer pole, also known as Maypole is believed to have German origins and came to Sweden somewhere in the Middle Ages. The name of the Maypole has nothing to do with the month of May though, it comes from an expression that you “may the pole”.
In Sweden, most people call it “Midsommarstång” which would translate into a Midsummer pole. A legend also says that the pole is believed to be an upside down phallus symbol from the Viking age, but most experts agree that this is just a myth.
The tradition of girls picking seven kinds of flowers
According to the legend, all girls should pluck seven kinds of flowers and put them under their sleeping pillow on Midsummer Eve. If you do this, it is said that you will dream about the person you will marry.
Popular songs and dances on a Swedish Midsummer
- Morsgrisar är vi allihopa (we are all mama’s boys/girls)
- Små grodorna (little frogs)
- Vi äro musikanter (we are musicians)
- Tre små gummor (three old women)
- Prästens lilla kråka (the priest’s little crow)
- Raketen (the rocket)
For a non-swede, these songs and dances probably doesn’t make much sense, and to be honest, for most Swedes they probably don’t either, but these are songs that we sing and dance since we’re little children, and there is no real midsummer celebration without “the little frogs” dance and song.
The skinny dip at night
Another tradition on a Swedish Midsummer is to end it with a skinny dip at night. It’s not mandatory to be naked, but many will be completely naked accompanied with an old or new partner after a couple of the famous schnapps.
Want to know more about the Swedish Midsummer? Leave a comment below and I’m happy to explain more!