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The Smallest Countries in The World

The Smallest Countries in The World

Want to know which is the smallest country in the world? There are many interesting candidates, and here’s a list of the 15 smallest countries in the world by size and population. 

What is the smallest country in the world?

The Vatican is the smallest country in the world, both by size and population. This tiny nation has a mere size of 0,44 square kilometers and a population of 1000 residents.

The Vatican is the smallest country in the world

15. Seychelles

Seychelles is the smallest country in Africa with a total area of 455 square kilometers. In total, the country is made up of 118 islands, whereas 50 are coral islands. Mahé is the largest of the islands and it is also there you’ll find the capital Victoria.

Area: 455 km²
Capital: Victoria

Seychellerna - afrikas minsta land

14. Antigua & Barbuda

This part of the lesser Antilles has been inhabited since at least 2400 years B.C. The natives are Carib and Arawak Indians, and somewhere by the end of the 1400s, Spanish and French explorers came to settle on the island after Christopher Columbus first visit. 

Approximately 200 years later, the British came and colonized Antigua & Barbuda, which sadly led to a grim period of slavery before it was abolished in 1834. The island nation got its independence as late as 1981 and has since been a member of the United Nations. 

Area: 442,6 km²
Capital: Saint John’s

antigua och barbuda

13. Barbados

Many people probably know that Barbados is a Caribbean island, but fewer people know that it’s one of the smallest countries in the world with a total area of only 430 square kilometers.

That’s roughly 1/3 of the total area of London, but despite being a tiny nation, the living standard is well-developed. Barbados is a popular tourist destination, thanks to its dreamy paradise beaches with white sand and turquoise water.

Area: 430 km²
Capital: Bridgetown

barbados bridgetown

12. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

This island nation consists of 32 islands in total, and until this day, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is still relatively unexplored by tourists. It’s one of the smallest countries in the Caribbean, but it can pride itself for being the filming location for Pirates of the Caribbean. 

Something that makes Saint Vincent and the Grenadines quite unique is the fact that there are both black and white sandy beaches, and there is a smaller rainforest as well. 

Area: 389 km²
Capital: Kingstown

Saint Vincent and the grenadines

Photo: Shutterstock

11. Grenada

Colorful Grenada is another island nation in The West Indies, north of Trinidad and Tobago. The primary source of income is dependent on tourism, but they are also innovative when it comes to growing cacao organically.

Area: 344 km²
Capital: Saint George’s

grenada litet land i karibien

10. Malta

Malta is perhaps one of the most interesting on this list of the smallest countries in the world. Despite its tiny size, it has been an important part of history and settlements go back as far as 6000 years in time. Malta has been occupied several times and been ruled by various civilizations such as Phoenicians, Sicilian Arabs, and of course the Crusaders. 

It’s the smallest country that’s a member of the European Union, and in recent years, tourism has grown as well as foreign investment in properties.

Area: 344 km²
Capital: Valletta

malta - ett litet land

9. The Maldives

Many hold the Maldives as one of the most beautiful destinations in the world, and I’m ready to vouch for that as well. The turquoise water and sandy beaches with white sand combined with swaying palm trees and overwater villas, what’s not to like. 

The island republic consists of 2000 islands, but only 200 of them are inhabited, and some are dedicated to resorts. It was only recently that the government opened up for tourism industry on local islands. 

Most of the population live in the capital Malé, and what many don’t know or realize is that the Maldives is also an Islamic nation that implements Sharia law, even though that has no effect on the resorts where tourists are allowed to be made an exception. 

Area: 316 km²
Capital: Malé

resa till maldiverna

8. Saint Kitts and Nevis

These two volcanic islands are situated in the West Indies and have a total area of just 300 square kilometers. Saint Kitts and Nevis is part of the British Commonwealth and recognize Queen Elizabeth II as the Head of State and Queen. 

The island nation was settled already 3000 years ago, by pre-Arawakan Indians but was later colonized by the British before its independence in 1967. 

Area: 300 km²
Capital: Basseterre

st kitts och nevis

7. Marshall islands

This tiny country is situated in Micronesia and consists of 31 atolls and 1152 islands. The Marshall Islands have been inhabited for a long period of time but was first “discovered” by the Spaniards in the 16th century, which came to rule the islands before they belonged to Germany, Japan, and the U.S. 

From 1946 and 40 years forward, the islands were a part of the U.S territory, but since 1986, the Marshall Islands is an independent nation.

Area: 261 km²
Capital: Majuro


6. Liechtenstein

A very small but rich country in Europe, which is a so-called principality. In total, there are about 35 000 people living in Liechtenstein. 

Area: 160 km²
Capital: Vaduz


5. San Marino

San Marino is another rich and tiny nation in Europe, which is located entirely within the borders of Italy on the Appalachian peninsula. Their football team has become infamous for losing games with big numbers in the European Qualification rounds as well as the World Championship qualification in Europe. 

Despite their lack of success when it comes to football, San Marino is a well-developed nation with a rich history and wealthy population. 

Area: 61 km²
Capital: San Marino


4. Tuvalu

A Polynesian island nation that consists of 8 islands in total. Tuvalu has existed as a state since somewhere around the 11th century, but it wasn’t until 1978 that is was recognized as a sovereign state. 

Area: 26 km²
Capital: Funafuti

tuvalu - the world's smallest countries 2019

3. Nauru

Nauru is definitely one of the smallest countries in the world with a total area of 21 square kilometers. It got its independence from Australia in 1968.

Sadly, the island nation has become infamous for having more than 90% of its population being obese. The average body weight is approximately 100 kilograms (220 lb) among the Nauruans. The main cause of obesity seems to be the import of Western food, which reduced and replaced the former fishing and gardening society. 

Area: 21 km²
Capital: Yaren


2. Monaco

A popular destination among the richest people on the planet and Monaco can boast itself for being the most densely populated country in the world with approximately 16 000 residents per square kilometer. 

Monaco is also famous for its Grand Prix, the Casino in Monte Carlo as well as its low tax rates. 

Area: 1,95 km²
Capital: Monaco


1. The Vatican

With a size of just 0,44 square kilometers, the Vatican is the world’s smallest country. This is also true when measuring the least populated countries in the world since the Vatican only has about 1000 residents. 

The most famous resident is, of course, the Pope, which is the head of the Catholic church. Visitors can’t access all of the Vatican, but they are allowed to visit St. Peter’s Basilica as well as the Vatican Museum. 

Area: 0,44 km²
Capital: Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica

The smallest countries in the world by population

Below is a list of the least populated countries in the world. These are the 15 smallest countries in the world by population. 

  1. The Vatican – 1 000
  2. Tuvalu – 10 100
  3. Nauru – 10 800
  4. Palau – 17 661
  5. San Marino – 33 212
  6. Monaco – 37 550
  7. Liechtenstein – 37 815
  8. Marshall Islands – 55 000
  9. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 56 000
  10. Dominica – 73 000
  11. Andorra – 78 264
  12. Antigua and Barbuda – 93 000
  13. Seychelles – 94 205
  14. Tonga – 100 600
  15. Federated States of Micronesia – 104 600

Smallest Countries in the world by population

The Smallest countries in the world by continent


The Smallest Country in Africa is Seychelles.


The Maldives is the smallest country in Asia, both by size and population.


The Vatican is the smallest country in Europe as well as in the world, both by size and population.

North America

Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country in North America by size, but if you measure the smallest country in North America by population, then Dominica has fewer residents.


Nauru is the smallest country in Oceania. 

South America

Most countries are large in South America, so compared to other small countries on the list, Surinam is comparatively quite large, but in South America, Surinam is the smallest country by size and population. 

How many of these smallest countries in the world did you know about? Leave a comment below!