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Largest Cities in Argentina (2020)

Largest Cities in Argentina (2020)

Want to know more about the largest cities in Argentina? Here’s an updated list by size and population in 2020.

Argentina is a country in the southern half of South America and ranks as the 31st most populated country in the world with a total population of 44,938,712. The country is ranked 8th in terms of total area and covers 1,073,500 square miles.

Argentina is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world by area. It is divided into 23 provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital. Argentina has the second-largest economy in South America and is a prominent regional power.

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina. Located in the eastern coastal region of the country, it has a total population of 2,890,151 which makes it the most populous city in the country.

It covers a total area of 1,837 square miles and is the largest city in Argentina. The name of the city comes from the Spanish language and when translated means “fair winds”.

Buenos Aires is a popular tourist attraction and is the second-most visited city in South America. It is well known for its rich cultural life and is one of the most diverse cities in South America.

Buenos Aires

Photo: Shutterstock


Córdoba is the second-most populous city of Argentina with a total population of 1,317,298. It is the capital of Córdoba province and is also the second-largest city of Argentina with a total area of 222 square miles. It is one of the oldest Spanish colonial cities founded by Spanish explorers.

The city is also home to the oldest university in the country, The National University of Córdoba, which was founded by the Jesuit Order. Córdoba has many historical monuments and buildings from the Spanish colonial era, in particular, the buildings of the Catholic Church such as the Jesuit Block which have been recognized and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


Rosario is the largest city of the Santa Fe province in central-eastern Argentina and covers an area of 68.99 square miles. It is the third-largest city in the country with a population of 1,193,605.

It is the third most populous city of Argentina as well as the most populous city that is not a provincial capital. Rosario is at the center of an important industrial and trade corridor.

The city is a major railroad terminal and shipping center with a 10-meter-deep port that is connected via the Paraná River. Major exports include wheat, flour, hay, meat, hides, wool, and vegetable oils.

Rosario city in Argentina

Photo: Flavia Morlachetti/Shutterstock

La Plata

La Plata is the capital city of the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina. The city has a population of 643,133. The city was planned and developed to serve as the capital of the Buenos Aires province after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880.

La Plata is home to one of the most renowned universities in Argentina, the National University of La Plata. Every New Year’s Eve, hundreds of dolls called Momos are burnt to celebrate the end of one year and the start of the next making it the most iconic festival or celebration organized in the city.

Mar del Plata

Mar del Plata is the second-largest city in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina with a total area of 30.69 square miles. It is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The city has a population of 593,337 and it’s one of the major fishing ports of Argentina.

The city has the biggest seaside beach resort in Argentina. Tourism is the main economic activity with over 7 million tourists visiting the city.

Mar del Plata

Photo: Carminallucis/Shutterstock

San Miguel de Tucumán

San Miguel de Tucumán is the capital of the Tucumán province of Argentina. It is located in the northern half of Argentina and has a total area of 34.88 square miles. The city is often referred to simply as Tucumán and has a population of 548,866.

San Miguel de Tucumán was first founded by Spanish explorers in 1565 and has a rich history. Today, it’s a large producer of sugarcane, tobacco, rice, and fruit which is the reason for its nickname as the Garden of the Republic.

The city houses the Casa de Tucumán, a historic building where the declaration of independence of Argentina was signed. Other notable buildings include the Teatro San Martin, the San Miguel de Tucumán Cathedral, the Correo Central, Basílica del Santísimo Sacramento and the Campo de las Carreras.


Salta is the capital city of the Salta province in Argentina. With a population of 520,683, it is the most populous city in the province and the seventh-most populous city in the country.

It is located in northern Argentina, at the foothill of the Andes mountain range. The city earns its nickname, “Salta la Linda”, which means Salta the beautiful, due to its historic colonial architecture, natural scenery, and great weather.

Salta is very friendly and welcoming towards tourists and has many attractions such as museums, cathedrals, theatres as well as pubs, cafés, and restaurants. One of the main attractions is the April Culture Festival, which lasts the entire month and offers a variety of experiences such as cultural performances, handicraft exhibitions, and orchestral concerts.

Salta city in Argentina

Photo: profot09/Shutterstock

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz is the capital city of the Santa Fe province in Argentina. The city has a population of 391,164 and is the eighth-largest city in the country. It is located in the north-eastern part of Argentina and is near the junction of the Paraná and Salado rivers.

The city was founded in 1573 and became the capital of the Santa Fe province in 1814. Since then, it has had an important historical role in the Argentine Constitution and has been chosen as the site of Constitutional Conventions for 3 years in 1949, 1957 and 1994.

Most Populated Cities in Argentina

Here’s a list of the largest cities in Argentina, ranked by population. 

1Buenos Aires2,890,151
4La Plata643,133
5Mar del Plata593,337
6San Miguel de Tucumán548,866
8Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz391,164
9Vicente López360,078
12Bahía Blanca291,327
15San Salvador de Jujuy257,970
16Santiago del Estero252,192

How many of the largest cities in Argentina did you know about? Leave a comment below!