9 Interesting facts about Macedonia (F.y.r.o.m)

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Last updated: July 2, 2018

What do you really know about the Republic of Macedonia? It’s a relatively small country located in the Balkan peninsula, bordering Kosovo, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, and Serbia.

Here are 9 interesting facts about the Republic of Macedonia (not to be confused with the ancient Greek province – Macedonia) that you probably didn’t know!

1. Home to the world’s deepest underwater cave

Cave Vrelo is a stunning underwater cave with a depth of 77 meters, which makes it the world’s deepest underwater cave and an interesting place to visit in Macedonia!

3. The first country in the world to have full access to wireless broadband

In 2006, it became the first country in the world to have full access to a wireless broadband connection, after being a part of a high-tech project.

4. The Official name in United Nations is F.Y.R.O.M, but…

While the official name of the Republic of Macedonia in the United Nations is the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, more than 135 countries have recognized it as the Republic of Macedonia. However, a recent agreement has been made between Greece and Republic of Macedonia that the country’s name shall be Northern Macedonia.

READ MORE:  7 Reasons to love Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M)

U.N still uses F.Y.R.O.M because of an old dispute between Greece and Macedonia.

5. Ohrid lake is one of the oldest lakes

Not only the oldest but also one of the deepest with a max depth of 288 meters. The age of Ohrid Lake is estimated to be around 4 million years old.

In 1979 it was declared as a Unesco World Heritage Site, and the lake area is home to more than 200 endemic species.

6. The Cyrillic alphabet was invented here

The Cyrillic alphabet, which is used by several countries and official here, is based on the alphabet developed in the 9th century by two Macedonian (Region) brothers – St Cyril (thus – Cyrillic) and St Methodius. It was taught by their disciples at a monastery in Ohrid, from whence it spread across the eastern Slavic world.

Their disciples taught it at a Monastery in Ohrid, and from there it spread across the eastern Slavic world.

7. One-quarter of the population lives in the capital

More than 500 000 people live in the Macedonian capital Skopje. That’s about one-quarter of the total population of about 2.1 million.

8. Of all the Yugoslav territories, Macedonia was the only one that gained independence peacefully

Macedonians gained their independence in 1991.

9. Millenium Cross

One of the world’s biggest cross monuments, standing tall on top of a hill in Skopje with a stunning 66 meters in height.

Bonus Fact

Wine from Macedonia is delicious and something I highly recommend every visitor to try!


Do you know some other interesting facts about the Republic of Macedonia? Feel free to share in the comment section below! 

April 9th, 2017|

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Hello! I’m Alex Waltner — A Swedish Travel Blogger & Photographer.

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8 Comments

  1. Kristian 04/10/2017 at 7:13 pm - Reply

    Yes, We are bordering with Kosovo, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria and Serbia.

  2. Zaklina Petrovska 04/12/2017 at 11:39 pm - Reply

    If you want to visit all the churches in Ohrid which a town next to Ohrid lake it will take you a whole year if you are visiting one per day:)

  3. VIKTOR 09/22/2017 at 9:31 pm - Reply

    St. Lydia from Macedonia is the first baptized Christian in Europe. She organized the first the first Christian community in Europe!

    • Evangelia 06/26/2018 at 9:31 pm - Reply

      Saint Lydia was born at the ancient Lydia and she was a fabric merchant who lived at the town of Filipi near the modern city of Kavala…So the first european to be baptised as a Christian was indeed a Macedonian but not in the way you imply it….Macedonia is one and it is a part of Greece….and anyone who knows just a bit of history wouldn’ t dare to say otherwise!!!

  4. Sam 01/15/2018 at 1:47 pm - Reply

    It is also known as the Jerusalem of Europe. The Apostle Paul, Timothy and Luke spent time in Macedonia.

    • Girigoris 08/28/2018 at 4:24 pm - Reply

      They never stepped foot in Noth Macedonia

  5. The Historian 02/03/2018 at 2:16 am - Reply

    FYRoM is actually, what their residents are calling more than 100 years now. Vardarska. To mark the occasion, here are just some of the things you did not know about that Balkan country that consists of Bulgarians, Albanians, Serbs a small amount of Turks and very few Greeks. The few number of Greeks that are still residing there, are the only true Macedonians!
    That’s the so called ‘Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’ to you
    The country has had a controversy around its name, with Greece and that because FYRoM is trying to steal the Historical name of Macedonia and the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon which has nothing to do with previous Yugoslavia.
    The dispute is still a hot potato, which is why Vardarska is officially known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – or FYROM for short – and sometimes referred to as the Republic of Macedonia though Hellenes/Greeks and Macedonians find this offensive. And that because Macedonia from the ancient times was and still is only one and that is Greek.
    FYRoM is better known to its residents as Vardarska, took its name by the river Vardar, which is the largest river bisects
    the country.

    The population of the country is over 2 million with half commuting to the capital city, Skopje, during the week. There are diverse ethnic groups: Bulgarian, Albanian, Turkish, Vlachs, Roma, Serbian, Macedonian (Greeks) etc. The largest among them are Bulgarian (67 %) and Albanian (22 %). The Vardarian language belongs to the South Slavic group of languages. In written communication the Cyrillic alphabet, consisting of 31 letters, is used.

    Approximately 65% of the inhabitants declare themselves to be Orthodox whilst 33% are declared themselves as Muslims.

    THE OFFICIAL NAME IN UNITED NATIONS IS F.Y.R.O.M, BUT…
    While the official name of the country in the United Nations is the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, more than 135 countries after hard propaganda from FYRoM, forced to unofficially recognized it as the Republic of Macedonia.
    The country has had a controversy around its name, with Greece and that because FYRoM is trying to steal the Historical name of Macedonia and the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon which has nothing to do with previous Yugoslavia.
    The dispute is still a hot potato, which is why Vardarska, that is country’s correct name, referred to as the Republic of Macedonia, though Hellenes/Greeks and Macedonians find this offensive. And that because Macedonia from the ancient times was and still is only one and that is Greek.

  6. Elena 05/28/2018 at 12:07 pm - Reply

    Cave Peshna ( located at 6 km from Makedonski Brod, Republic of Macedonia) is a cave with biggest cave entrance on the Balkan – the flooring of the opening is 30 m high. Pesna Cave in “The New York Times” was described as identical to the imaginary caves in “Lord of the Rings” trilogy.

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